C Umashankar – Christian canker in IAS clothing

Let me begin with a contemporary aphorism – Christians and Muslims, no matter where they are placed and what position they hold, will always serve their religious interests. Hindu intellectuals, politicians and judges in the thrall of Hindu “tolerance” will serve secularism, pluralism and the Indian Constitution, even at the cost of Hindu religious interests. C Umashankar, a Christian canker in IAS clothing is no exception to this rule. Umashankar has been on the radar of Hindu nationalists since 2011 when as Special Officer and Managing Director of Co-Optex he removed pictures of all Hindu gods and goddesses from his office citing some high court observation on the issue.

So what precisely was the observation made by the Madras High Court? Justice Ibrahim Khalifulla now elevated to the Supreme Court from ordinary judge in the Madras High Court to Chief Justice of the Jammu and Kashmir High Court, had observed in the course of some trial in the Madras High Court that in the best interests of secularism government offices should be free of all religious symbols.

When our judges – Hindus, Christians and Muslims, exemplifying the opening aphorism, make sweeping statements about secularism and other self-serving Christian political virtues like pluralism and freedom of expression or freedom of religion and conscience in court, en passant, but not amounting to an order, or when the Gujarat High Court and the Supreme Court in 2011 pronounced judgements ordering state governments to remove all places of religious worship which have “encroached” upon public roads, we can safely assume they are targeting only Hindu temples and Hindu religious sentiments. The end objective of these exercises is to de-Hinduise the country’s public spaces while at the same time doing nothing about the corresponding increasing visibility of the Abrahamic cults and their religious symbols; they also get to demonstrate their commitment to the country’s skewed definition of secularism.

Jumping at Justice Ibrahim Khalifulla’s observation, C Umashankar IAS saw an excellent opportunity to bare his Christian missionary fangs; and without losing another moment removed pictures of all Hindu gods from his office. Before I return to Umashankar the topic of this article, let me go back to Justice Ibrahim Khalifulla. Highly-placed sources in the Madras High Court told me that Khalifulla, who pontificated on the virtues of secularism, had asked for an air-conditioned prayer hall within the precincts of the Madras High Court, where Muslim judges and advocates could offer namaz on Fridays and during Ramzan. So, while secularism demands that government offices should be free of all Hindu religious symbols, the same secularism does not frown upon Muslim judges wanting a prayer hall inside the Madras High Court or upon a serving Christian IAS officer preaching and propagating (secular for religious conversion) the Christian cult, nor frown upon Christian padris and nuns spearheading the anti-Russian Koodankulam nuclear power project in Tamil Nadu. At one time the Madras High Court had at least three very senior Muslim judges – Justice MY Eqbal, now elevated to the Supreme Court (of course), Justice GM Akbar Ali, who retired in 2014 and Justice Ibrahim Khalifulla.

Umashankar’s School Leaving Certificate states Umashankar, who was known as Ashok in school, was a Christian by religion.

I know from personal experience that every Friday, all Muslim judges rose from their judicial bench at 12.30 PM, one hour ahead of lunch break at 1.30 PM, to offer Friday namaz. And this was happening right under the secular nose of successive state and central governments. As prone to making freewheeling insulting observations in court as Justice Ibrahim Khalifulla, Justice Markandey Katju and Justice KG Balakrishnan was former Chief Justice of the Madras High Court, Justice MY Eqbal.

kg balakrishnan  katju

In the course of the hearing on my PIL asking the court to instruct the Chennai Corporation to stop demolishing Hindu street temples, especially one temple sitting under a majestic Banyan tree which is protected under the law, Justice MY Eqbal observed nastily: “First you will build one room and call it temple; then you will build a bedroom and then a kitchen….” The judge did not include this offensive observation about Hindu street temples in the final order, but the totally un-called for anti-Hindu observation was made in open court.

  1. When Narendra Modi as Chief Minister of Gujarat, when Jayalalithaa and Karunanidhi as Chief Ministers of Tamil Nadu demolished Hindu street temples,
  2. When Leela Samson removed all Hindu murtis from around the Kalakshetra Foundation campus,
  3. When Leela Samson allowed CBFC to pass anti-Hindu movies like PK and other explicitly anti-Hindu scenes in several other Hindi films while at the same time editing and removing scenes which offended Christian and Muslim sensibilities,
  4. When C Umashankar IAS removed pictures of Hindu deities from the Co-optex office,
  5. When Justices RV Raveendran and AK Patnaik ordered the vaults of the Sri Anantha Padmanabha Swamy temple to be broken open,
  6. When the Allahabad High Court with scant respect for the sanctity of the birthplace of Srirama broke up the Ramjanmabhumi into three parts and gave away one part to Muslims,
  7. When Justice Markandey Katju made this comment in the Supreme Court from a three member bench headed by the Chief Justice of India, hearing a petition filed in the Supreme Court by Raphael Cheenath, Archbishop of Orissa. “If your government is unable to protect minorities, then you quit office. We can’t tolerate persecution of religious minorities. If your government cannot control such incidents, then quit office”,
  8. When in November 2012 Madurai District Collector Anshul Mishra took exception to a homam performed to ward off dengue in the Vana Bhadra Kaliamman Temple located inside the Madurai General hospital on the grounds that this was a “mindless event” (by implication violating Nehru’s scientific temper; what Anshul Mishra did not know was that Gandhi was of the opinion that ramanama could cure malaria) and that he would conduct an enquiry and take action against those responsible for the homam,  (http://www.newindianexpress.com/thesundaystandard/article1353580.ece)
  9. When Justice Markandey Katju as Chief Justice of the Madras High Court observed –
    “That the Muslims in the village were entitled to take the bodies of the dead through public streets (in this case through temple land belonging to harijans of the village). The authorities should ensure that there were no communal clashes or disturbance of public order by any one.‘Whoever tries to create communal tension or ill-will must be dealt with, with an iron hand in accordance with law, including the relevant provisions of the IPC, Cr.PC and other penal statutes”, the Bench said.The Bench also observed that India was a free, democratic and secular country. People of all religions, castes and communities were equal under the Constitution, vide Articles 14 to 18 and they had a right to freely practice their religion, vide Article 25.”

“India does not belong to the Hindus alone. It belongs equally to Muslims, Christians, Buddhists, Jains, Parsis and Jews and all are equal before the law, the Madras High Court has observed.”

“It is not that the Hindus can live in this country as first rate citizens while others can live only as second rate citizens. In our country all citizens are entitled to live as first rate citizens,” the First Bench comprising Chief Justice Markandey Katju and Justice FM Kalifulla observed while allowing a Public Interest Litigation on Friday.”

“Hence the only policy which will work in our country, hold it together and take us to the path of prosperity is the policy of secularism and equal respect to all communities. This was the path shown to us by our great emperors Ashoka and Akbar, who gave equal respect to all religions and communities,” the Bench said and added that without such a policy India as a democracy could not survive for long.” (The New Indian Express, July 16, 2005, page 4, “Give all sections due respect: HC –

  1. When Issac Mohanlal, the Christian President of Madurai Bench of Madras High Court Bar Association or MMBA issued a notification in 2013 that Ayudha Pooja during Navratri cannot be celebrated within High Court premises,

they all exemplified the opening aphorism. All worthies named so far, including C Umashankar IAS sprout and flourish without resistance in this fertile anti-Hindu secular soil.

The case against C Umashankar IAS

  • C Umashakar, a serving IAS officer in Tamil Nadu, is a practicing Christian.
  • Umashankar regularly conducts Christian prayer meetings in churches and also private prayer meetings in houses of Christians and gullible, vulnerable non-Christian houses.
  • On January 16, 2015 Umashankar was scheduled to conduct a private prayer meeting in a house in Pudukadai village, Kanyakumari, and another prayer meeting in a local church.
  • Several Hindus in the village with the help of Hindu organizations lodged a protest with the police who refused Umashankar permission for both prayer meetings.
  • Refusing to obey police orders, the local church went ahead with plans to conduct the prayer meeting.
  • Confronted by a worsening law and order situation in the village, the police entered the church and dispersed the gathering.
  • C Umashankar with the imperviousness of all Christian missionaries to public outrage and anger against their proselytising activities, announced his intention to conduct prayer meetings in several places in the three districts of Tirunelvelli, Toothukudi and Kanyakumari between January 24-26
  • Tamil Nadu Chief Secretary Gnanadesikan’s letter to C Umashankar IAS on January 24 said violating the government direction would invite disciplinary action against him under relevant provisions of the All India Services (conduct) Rules, 1968, and the All India Services (Discipline & Appeal) Rules, 1969.

Umashankar’s half-truths and barefaced lies

  1. The Constitution allows me right to freedom of speech and freedom religion.
  2. I am a Hindu and I love Jesus.
  3. My father belongs to the pallar (scheduled) caste. [Umashankar said his Dalit father and his mother, who belonged to a fairly rich intermediary caste, when faced by the wrath of the village after their “inter-caste marriage” fled Palayamkottai after they married]
  4. I am spreading the word of Jesus just like I did for open-source software Linux or Ubuntu. What is wrong with that? I am not Christian. I am a disciple of Jesus.
  5. This is not religion. This is spiritual discourse.
  6. There is nothing in the book (All India Services (conduct) Rules, 1968, and the All India Services (Discipline & Appeal) Rules, 1969) that says I cannot propagate. Besides, there is only a thin line between preaching and propagation. How it is received depends on the nature of the audience.
  7. Switch on your television in the morning and you will find many bureaucrats giving discourses on the Bhagawad Gita, so why can’t I preach?
  8. I was the collector of Thiruvarur, which has the second biggest temple in the state. I was the first to draw the temple chariot for two years. I was given that honour as I was the collector. Why didn’t anyone object to my participating in a temple event then? Why are they protesting now? I am not doing anything wrong.
  9. In 2008 Umashankar unearthed a scam following which he was transferred. “I was depressed. Then I heard Jesus for the first time. It was this [political] system that changed my faith and now I am peaceful.”

Umashankar has been on the radar of Hindu nationalists since 2011 when as Special Officer and Managing Director of Co-Optex he removed pictures of all Hindu gods and goddesses from his office

But the fact of the matter is…

Umashankar’s father may be a scheduled caste Hindu but his mother is a Christian from another caste. Their marriage is not simply an inter-caste marriage as is always made out to be whenever such inter-caste marriages take place in Tamil Nadu, and as is made out to be by Umashankar himself when he wants to play the persecuted dalit card, but an inter-religious marriage where one spouse is Christian. Umashankar’s Christian mother raised him as a Christian for the first twenty years of his life. This too is always the case when one spouse is Christian. In all inter-religious marriages where one spouse, man or woman is Christian, the children are always raised as Christians; and if the man is Muslim, even in high-profile inter-religious marriages of the rich and the famous, the Hindu wife begets only Muslim children. This is the story of Sonia Gandhi’s son-in-law Robert Vadra too.


Robert Vadra’s father Rajendra Vadra was Hindu who married a White Christian woman of Scottish origin. It is not clear if Rajendra Vadra converted to Christianity to marry the Christian woman, but he did have three children and all of them were raised as Christians with Christian names. In C Umashankar’s case too, we do not know if the father remained a Hindu or if he converted to Christianity to marry the Christian woman but nevertheless retained his Hindu identity to avail of government benefits reserved for Hindu scheduled castes. But Umashankar’s School Leaving Certificate states Umashankar, who was known as Ashok in school, was a Christian by religion. This means Umashankar, aka Ashok was raised by his mother as a Christian and he remained a Christian all his school-going years. In February 1984, when Ashok was 20 years old and looking towards higher education and then a job, Ashok’s father ‘reconverted’ him to Hinduism, changed his name to Umashankar and two months later notified the change in name and religion in the government gazette.

When Pope John Paul II  came to India in November 1999, during Deepavalli and declared with typical Christian arrogance and insensitivity that he will plant the cross in Asia in the third millennium, he was only re-stating the missionary nature of  all churches as proclaimed by Ad Gentes.

C Umashankar was now eligible for all reservations in education and employment constitutionally guaranteed only to scheduled caste Hindus. Ashok could not have availed of these benefits and perhaps may not have been inducted into the IAS had he remained a Christian. So when C Umashankar claims he is a Hindu who loves Jesus, who is a disciple of Jesus and that he heard Jesus for the first time in 2008 when he was “depressed” because he had been transferred for the nth time, C Umashankar was lying through his Christian teeth.

Christian missionary end objective and modus operandi

  • C Umashankar’s activism to proselytise for the Christian cult as a serving IAS officer in Tamil Nadu serves several deeply embedded purposes:
  • Use his IAS status to give Christian missionary activism high-profile publicity
  • Use his half-dalit identity to play the persecuted dalit card for domestic and international consumption
  • Use his Christian prayer meetings and screaming congregations to introduce a new idiom in political discourse – if Christian prayer meetings cannot be visible and loud, then do not permit Hindus to gather to sing bhajans
  • If a serving IAS officer cannot preach and propagate the Christian cult and the word of Jesus, then serving Hindu bureaucrats also should not be permitted to give public discourses in Bhagwad Gita, Ramayana, Ramanuja, Dvaita or Advaita
  • Use Hindu resistance to aggressive proselytising by the Church to scream ‘persecution’ and force the issue into some court where the Abrahamic cults stand a good chance to do portfolio management and get a ‘secular’ judge to pass yet another anti-Hindu judgment

The Second Vatican Council (1962-65) emphatically asserted that the Church is Missionary by nature. As the Second Vatican Council drew to a close in December 1965, the Vatican issued its most aggressive conciliar document which detailed the existential purpose of the Church – Decree Ad Gentes: On the Mission Activity of the Church. The opening paragraph said it all:

  1. Divinely sent to the nations of the world to be unto them “a universal sacrament of salvation,”(1) the Church, driven by the inner necessity of her own catholicity, and obeying the mandate of her Founder (cf. Mark 16:16), strives ever to proclaim the Gospel to all men. The Apostles themselves, on whom the Church was founded, following in the footsteps of Christ, “preached the word of truth and begot churches.” (2) It is the duty of their successors to make this task endure “so that the word of God may run and be glorified (2 Thess. 3:1) and the kingdom of God be proclaimed and established throughout the world.

The Vatican has made its intentions clear in unambiguous language. United Nations Organization, Globalization of the world economy, IMF, World Bank, Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, the Pentagon and US State Department, NATO, EU, white Christian government agencies like USAID and DFID, foreign governments funding their own aggressive and intrusive think tanks like Brookings Institute, Rand Corporation, Stratfor, global finding agencies like Ford Foundation and the Rockefeller Foundation funding Indian think-tanks, NGOs and even politicians across the political spectrum – they are all instruments crafted towards this objective – the kingdom of God be proclaimed and established throughout the world. When Pope John Paul II  came to India in November 1999, during Deepavalli and declared with typical Christian arrogance and insensitivity that he will plant the cross in Asia in the third millennium, he was only re-stating the missionary nature of  all churches as proclaimed by Ad Gentes.

Pope John Paul II

The threat posed by C Umashankar, a piddly little man with towering ambitions, is not piddly if one realizes that he gets his destructive powers from all those who exemplify the opening aphorism but primarily from the English print and electronic media and the country’s judges in High Courts and the Supreme Court. So long as the Christian cult and all its churches, irrespective of their denominations old and new, assert that religious conversion is the core of their cult and to work to establish the kingdom of their god on earth is the end objective (pun intended) of all churches and all Christians, then every form of resistance to the church’s agenda is legitimate. This is a war of survival – the survival of Hindus and the Hindu religion on Hindu bhumi. India is Hindu Rashtra and every Hindu must be a soldier on the street when faced by aggressive and in-your-face Christian religious symbols and activity; every Hindu must strive only to put in place a Hindu Rajya which will be the ultimate protector of the Hindu identity and Hindu character of this nation. Until the country gets a Hindu Rajya to protect him and his way of life, every Hindu must fight for his survival with any and every means.

When the core objective of the Christian cult is to convert non-Christians to Christianity and if this cancerous cult can receive foreign funds to lure and bribe converts from among Hindus and tribal peoples and use foreign money to buy supporters in important institutions, then prayer meetings is not Hindu bhajans and to preach and propagate is not freedom of religion and conscience. Then Christianity is a war against non-Christians and Christian prayer meetings, prayer houses, churches and the Christian people are weapons of war. Hindu intellectuals should resist every attempt by the predators and their domestic supporters to equate Hindus and Hinduism with the Abrahamic cults, Christians and Muslims. If America and Europe are rejecting pluralism and are insisting on discussing what it means to be American, British, French and Australian, Hindus insist that in this zero sum game, Hindus cannot allow preaching and propagation if the line dividing preaching from propagation is thin as Umashankar states with such smugness and when there is no dividing line at all between propagation and proselytising.

Hindus should begin by showing Barack Obama his standing among political Hindus when he declared in his Breakfast Prayer Meeting in Washington  that the spate of recent acts of religious intolerance would have shocked Mahatma Gandhi. Let me be the first to start. First Gandhi is not my idol and Gandhi does not define the Hindu nation. Second. Arun Jaitley does not speak for me when he responded to “Barack”s insolence with the observation that these are aberrations to the general rule of famed Hindu tolerance. These are not aberrations; this is resurgent Hindu resistance to the war being waged against them by the well-organized and all-powerful Generic Church of which America is the most potent weapon.

Radha Rajan is a Chennai-based political analyst. She is also author and animal activist.
  • Alex

    So much fear of Christians sharing their faith, this shows the power of the truth.

  • Surya Narayana Venkata Nishtal

    Great article !

  • N.Paramasivam

    He has robbed the benefits of a Hindu S.C when he is not eligible to it, as a Christian. A Christian, cannot change to Hindu just at the time of entering college, avail all benefits of Hindu SC , get job also as Hind SC, and again re-convert / preach Christianity, is abuse of Law. Justice denied to Hindu SCs.
    The author brought out the facts beautifully.

  • Sridhar

    This man Umashankar had been an honest person and did not put up with corruption..Is it true Radha Rajan? You are a brilliant scholar and thinker … can you research all his activities before he became a Christian and place the light on a pedestal so that we your followers can know the truth about this mans claim? Thanks

    • Shubhangi Raykar

      I did not know you are a sympathizer of the Christian Duplicity and may be a Christian parading the name of lord Vishnu. A man who hides his religion to get the benefits of his Dalit caste cannot be an honest person. Majority of Christians are taught to do that by the fathers, brothers, Mother Superiors bla bla

    • truthexp001

      didn’t u read that this man is a christian from his school days and his school certificate shows the same…

  • K.Harapriya

    The question is not whether India belongs to Hindus alone. Obviously the Mahatma and others made sure that it didn’t. The question is really whether Hindus, as a people who have suffered the genocidal mania of Christianity and Islam should have a homeland which protects them and their unique religion, culture and heritage. The problem that most Hindus don’t recognize is that they are ceding more and space to these personality cults and in their self effacing “all religions are same” attitude, they are sowing the seeds of their own destruction. In Chennai, one cannot be in peace anywhere without hearing the screaming from mosques at all times. Yet, in the location I am in, the songs which used to be played in the temple during margazhi (December) season have been silenced for some time now.

  • Amadeus

    The key is to keep our people informed through such incisive and thorough articles about the evil designs of people who want to undermine our nation and values.
    Please keep up the good work.

  • Ganesh Canaga

    Overconfidence begets underestimating of our enemy’s strength that begets our DRAMATIC, DISATROUS AND TRAGIC decline. IN the beginning, we all thought that they are just a few hundred and they will keep quiet, then they multiplied by mass conversion and scientific Joshua project method, we thought still that we are too older and ancient civilization that stood the test of Time and we cannot be won by Mughals so, these people too will fall apart and shatter in to pieces, but after sometime, they tell you not to manifest our joy in the streets during Hindu festivals, then we are shocked. They are everywhere when you go to the market, to the bus stand, to the university, to your children’s school, to your TIRUPATHI , to the toilet in the corner of your street, then you ask yourself of what is really happening ! But, it is perhaps too late for KERALA where drop by drop they trickle in to the pot below and thinking that one drop is not a threat, we let it become an ocean, now we regret; CONCLUSION FOR OTHER INIDAN STATES WHERE THIS MAY HAPPEN SOONER THAN YOU THINK: react at the first drop and nib it in the bud before it grows in to a savage jungle AND SAP THE HINDU cultural root . OVERCONFIDENCE AND UNDERESTIMATING OUR ENEMY ARE OUR TWO DEEPROOTED WEAKNESS. IF Hindus don’t think of their collective interest themselves, then it is not Christian and Muslims who are going to think for them and of them in their place. WE have no other choice than thinking of our OWN COLLECTIVE INTEREST and better our collective well-being. So, when the iron is red hot, now is the time to bend it not when it is too late. Let us not try to be politically correct by saying, “you see, I accept every religion, all are same»; let us not be hypocrite and pretend to be happy with proselytizing and forcible evangelization of Indians. Let us swear to never again be hypocrites and live our lives by equating perfectly our inner voice and outer action. Let us be clear in our thoughts and not feel ashamed of “what others may think if I support homecoming of ex Hindus»! SO LET US SAY CLEARLY WE WANT THE BAN OF THIS UGLY BOOK TREATING HINDU MEN AS BASTARDS AND HINDU WOMEN AS PROSTITUTES. LET US TWITTER OR WRITE TO OUR PM AND RAJNATH SINGH.

  • senthil

    all the problem lies with the identity of India as a nation.

    India is a colonial entity, populated by people uprooted from their native place. As per Dharampal, India lives in 4 metros and probably tier-II cities designed on the lines of metro.
    So India as a colonial state with colonial constitution and colonial laws, may be secular, liberal and whatever may be.

    But Bharath is always Dharmic and Hindu (as interpreted in today’s society).

    Urban Hindus should stop saying that India and Bharath is one and same. It is NOT. The design of settlement plays a major role in the life style of the people and society and culture. The design of Metro centers is always colonial and christian, where there is no place for Temples NOR any public place for hindus.

    Whereas every Hindu Nagara has a temple at its center. Ever Grama has a grama devata as its focal point.

    When a Hindu lives in traditional Grama and Nagara, he can live his Dharmic life style. The same hindu when migrated to metro, is severely restricted devoid of any public space, and has to live a secluded western life style.

    The Brahmins who settled in Metros long back can very well realise this truth.

    So while India may be secular, Bharath is always Hindu. The reality is that India has enslaved bharath and destroying it. Will our urban hindu intellectuals like Radha Rajan have the daring to say this truth in public? If NOT, then there is no use or point in screaming about christian conversion etc like this umashankar case.

    • Shubhangi Raykar

      It is a shame that all these converts parade Hindu names. They insult our God by using these names. Let them use their Church names.

      • Sridhar

        Hindus living in western countrie should stop using western names… e.g. Seshadhri becomes Steve!

    • Sridhar

      That is why all Hindus living in the west should do a coming home and after coming home stay put at home. More over the caste sysytem was the centre of such Hindu Nagra… so you want the dalits to live outside these Nagra? and carry shit? like in the golden past?

      • senthil

        Yes.. the people who worked on leathers, butchers, etc lived in the outskirts of Nagara.. what is the problem for you? The centre of nagara is the temple, and naturally the brahmins who is in charge of temple poojas lived near by. and all those jathis whose profession may disturb the hygiene and sanctity of temple is settled far away from the temple..

        Living in outskirts of nagara does not mean they are discriminated.. every jathi lived as one single colony and had all the resources and facilities for their life.. the kshatriyas facilitated this..

        compare that to how the current urban metro upper class treats the slum dwellers..

  • Rama

    As usual, another great article from Radha Ji. Kudos.

  • K.Harapriya

    So how do we get a delegation to the UN or get Modi to state in absolutely clear terms that while Hindus do embrace democracy and pluralism, they will not tolerate being targeted for conversion. The very act of targeting a Hindu for conversion is an act of violence. It violates his right to practice his ancestral religion and robs from him his heritage spanning several thousand years. Hindus do not need to respect laws which are inimical to them. The freedom to propagate one’s religion is one such law when it is in the hands of predatory proselytizers. Modi also needs to be encouraged to bring laws which prevent appropriation of indigenous knowledge for the purpose of conversion.

  • Dr M

    Absolutely Fantastic Research!


    May the FORCE be with you Madame, and multiply through others as well!
    Not only should these be exposed, their parasital influence be negated in the most diplomatic politically correct manner so that they CANNOT hide under any persecution/attrocities umbrellas!

    Do Help every committed hindu safeguard their precious heritage and become a million articulate clear-headed Radha Rajans! 🙂

  • Radha Rajan

    Umashankar wants to know how when he was the Collector of Tiruvarur he was allowed to pull the ropes of the temple chariot? This is Christian doublespeak at its worst besides another shameless lie. Pulling the ropes of a temple chariot is high honour and the temple authorities would have accorded this honour to Umashankar not only because he was District Collector but also because they believed him to be Hindu. Umashankar was Collector of Tiruvarur Dt. between February 1999 and June 2001. This man reconverted to Christianity only in 2008 but did not make it official for the simple reason he wanted to continue to enjoy the benefits reserved for Hindu scheduled castes. Umashankar today is a Hindu on paper but a practicing professing Christian. He is the living example of church duplicity.